As the German army marched across France, Aristides de Sousa Mendes faced a choice: obey his government or follow his conscience—and risk everything:


This story is in the current issue of The Smithsonian Magazine. It is a most remarkable story of a non-Jewish Portuguese diplomat who saved thousands of refugees (many of them Jews) from Nazi’sThe Untold Story of the Portuguese Diplomat Who Saved Thousands From the Nazis by issuing visas against the orders from his superiors, and he and his family paid a high price for his disobedience.  Among those he saved were Salvador Dali and his wife. Click here to read the story.